|EM ALGORITHM FOR MAXIMUM LIKELIHOOD ESTIMATION OF CORRELATED PROBIT MODEL FOR TWO LONGITUDINAL ORDINAL OUTCOMES
|Year of Publication
|Annuaire de l’Université de Sofia “St. Kliment Ohridski”. Faculté de Mathématiques et Informatique
|correlated probit model, EM algorithm, ordinal data, random effects
Correlated probit models (CPMs) are widely used for modeling of ordinal data or joint analyses of ordinal and continuous data which are common outcomes in medical studies. When we have clustered or longitudinal data CPMs with random effects are used to take into account the dependence between clustered measurements. When the dimension of the random effects is large, finding of the maximum likelihood estimates (MLEs) of the model parameters via standard numerical approximations is computationally cumbersome or in some cases impossible. EM algorithms for CPM for one ordinal longitudinal variable  and a joint CPM for one ordinal and one continuous longitudinal variable  are recently developed. ECM algorithm for ML estimation of the parameters of a joint CPM for two longitudinal ordinal variables will be presented. The algorithm is applied to estimation of CPM for the longitudinal ordinal outcomes self-rated health and categorized body mass index from the Health and Retirement Study (http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/, HRS). Results from fitting the model to the data and also results from some simulation studies will be reported.
62H12, 62J10, 62P10